BP - Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline

Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey

Project overview

The Baku–Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) pipeline exports one million barrels of oil daily from the Azeri-Chirag-Gunashli field in the Caspian Sea to Ceyhan, a port on the Mediterranean Sea. It runs 1,768 kilometres from Baku in Azerbaijan and onwards through Georgia and Turkey. The $2.6 billion project took five years to plan and three further years to construct. First oil was pumped in 2005.

IDP role

  • Commercial, legal and financial lead
  • Structured and negotiated the intergovernmental and host government support agreements and the principal commercial agreements underpinning the project
  • Developed and managed $2.6 billion financing process
  • Represented environmental and social issues in a multi-disciplinary team in early BTC route selection in Georgia and Turkey
  • Structured, drafted and negotiated (with Amnesty International) the first agreement directly binding a multinational company to international human rights obligations
  • Managed the preparation of the lender environmental and social disclosure documentation package, collectively amounting to over 11,000 pages and including key documents such as the Environmental and Social Action Plan
  • Developed the concept of contractor control plans to bridge the gap between theory and practice
  • Managed all interfaces between BTC, its associated oil development, the lenders and their environmental and social consultants
  • Managed biorestoration and erosion risk monitoring using GIS and high resolution satellite imagery
  • Managed the preparation of quarterly environmental and social reports to the lenders
  • Structured, drafted and negotiated (with the Georgian government) the security protocol and grant agreements that de-bottlenecked the suspension of construction on BTC and Southern Caucasus Pipeline (October 2004)
  • Structured, drafted and negotiated the intergovernmental agreement between the Azerbaijan Republic and the Republic of Kazakhstan supporting the transit shipment through the BTC pipeline of oil from Kazakhstan’s Kashagan field
  • ESIA development and review
  • In country ESIA management (Turkey)
  • Lender Finance
  • Baseline data collection survey design
  • Development of Project Standards
  • Construction and Operations Management Plans
  • Post construction monitoring
  • Conducted a 6 month Lessons Learned exercise involving Corporate and contracting entities, and IFC.
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